Study for my Old Testament class.
1) J. Leithart, A House for My Name: A Survey of the Old Testament, p.157, Canon Press, 2000.
2) Dr. Thomas L. Constable, Notes on Hosea, p.1, 2010 Edition. Dr. Constable's notes are available to be viewed as a free online PDF document here: http://www.soniclight.com/constable/notes/pdf/hosea.pdf
3) Apologetics Study Bible p.1294, 2007.
4) 2 Kings 14:25-28; 2 Chron. 26:2, 6-15.
5) 2 Kings 15:29
6) Ibid. Constable p.
7) 2 Kings 17:1-6; 18:10-12.
8) 2 Kings 16:5-10
9) The Apologetics Study Bible p.1295, 2007. Footnote 1:2 lists four primary competing theories and offers a brief critique of each.
10) We find that Hosea would seem to be the first to adopt this metaphorical type of husband-wife relationship between God's elektos and himself. That is later used by the other Minor Prophets and most notably by the early Christians. When read in light of Jesus' statement in Matthew 9:15 it becomes a bold reference to the deity of Christ.
11) Hosea 1:4
12) 2 Kings 10:11
13) The "House of Omri" is an Assyrian name for the Kingdom or house of Israel referring back to king Omri of Israel. The father of the northern king Ahab (whom Jehu killed and followed in ascendency after the Jezreel massacre).
14) E.M. Baiklock and R. K. Harrison, The New International dictionary of Biblical Archaeology (Grand Rapids Zondervan, 1983), 409. This obelisk was found in the biblical city of Calah and is widely held to be our earliest existing depiction of an Israelite.
15) Henry Jackson Flanders, Jr., Robert Wilson Crapps, David Anthony Smith. People of the Covenant: An Introduction to the Old Testament Third Edition p. 314. Oxford University Press 1988, New York Oxford.
16) Hosea 1:6
17) Apologetics Study Bible, p. 1295, Footnote c. 2007.
18) Although the exegesis in this context is quite clear Wesley's Notes on Hosea 1:9 are particularly useful.